Genealogy / Best DNA Test Kits

Best DNA Test Kits

How to Choose the DNA Testing Kit That’s Best for You
Marc McDermott

If you’ve read all the DNA test reviews, and are still confused, read on. What is the best DNA test? This guide will break down everything you need to know. But first, here’s a quick comparison of the best DNA testing kits:

Comparison of important features

AncestryDNA MyHeritage FamilyTree DNA 23andMe LivingDNA
Website Ancestry.com MyHeritage.com FamilyTreeDNA.com 23andMe.com LivingDNA.com
Best for Genealogy, matches, ethnicity regions Global matches, tools for advanced genetic genealogy Distant ancestry, YDNA, mtDNA Genetic health testing British Isles ancestry
Price See latest price
See latest price
See latest price
See latest price
See latest price
Ethnicity results Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Ethnic Regions 500+ 42 24 1,000+ 80 (in depth for UK)
Family Matching Yes Yes Yes Yes Limited
Database Size 15 million 3.8 million 1 million 10 million None
Y-DNA Test No No Yes Broad haplogroup, no matching Broad haplogroup, no matching
mtDNA Test No No Yes Broad haplogroup, no matching Broad haplogroup, no matching
Collection Method Saliva Cheek swab Cheek swab Saliva Cheek swab
Chromosome Browser No Yes Yes Yes No
Raw Data Upload No Yes Yes No Yes
Health Info No For extra fee No For extra fee No

Best DNA testing kits reviewed

AncestryDNA

The best testing kit for genealogy, AncestryDNA has the most extensive database (15 million customers) so you’ll find the most DNA matches there.

Ancestry DNA test kit

What we like:

  • Database of over 15 million customers for matching
  • Strong genealogical community
  • Connect with matches through anonymous email and message boards
  • Link your DNA results to your online family tree
  • No subscription required

What we don’t like

  • Viewing family trees of your matches requires a subscription
  • Does not allow raw data uploads from other sites

Read our complete AncestryDNA review.

Note that you do not have to have an Ancestry subscription in order to take their test or see your results. You also do not need a subscription to build your own family tree.

A subscription allows you to view genealogical records, view the family tree’s of your matches, and compare your tree with your match to find common ancestors.

There are of course many other features on the research side of your genealogy. Get a 14-day free trial here.

MyHeritage DNA

The best DNA testing kit if you’re looking for matches outside the United States, MyHeritage has the largest database of international customers. They also offer some pretty neat tools such as auto clustering and a chromosome browser.

MyHeritage test kit

What we like:

  • Largest database of international customers to be matched with
  • Link your DNA results to your online family tree
  • Allows free upload of raw data from other sites
  • Covers 42 ethnic regions

What we don’t like

  • Relatively small (but rapidly growing) database compared to other sites. Currently 3.8 million

Read our complete MyHeritageDNA review.

23andMe

23andMe is the best test kit for dedicated genetic testing for health. Since most people who test there aren’t as interested in family history or communicating with DNA matches as compared to sites like Ancestry, 23andMe would probably not be my first choice for genealogy.

23 and me DNA test kit

What we like:

  • The best company for health and wellness reports
  • Has a large database of more than 10 million customers
  • Includes a chromosome browser for comparing results

What we don’t like

  • Very limited genealogical community compared to other sites
  • No Y-DNA or mtDNA matching
  • Does not allow upload of raw data from other sites

Read our complete 23andMe review.

You may also be interested in our complete comparison of 23andMe vs Ancestry.

FamilyTreeDNA

The best for distant ancestry (beyond 6-8 generations), and paternity testing. One major perk is, even if you do get your testing done by a different company, FamilyTreeDNA lets you upload your raw data into their system as well.

FamilyTreeDNA

What we like:

  • Only company to offer all three tests separately
  • Only company to offer Y-DNA and mtDNA matching
  • Cheek swab DNA collection (much easier for babies and elderly)
  • Allows free upload of raw data from tests run for other sites
  • Has a chromosome browser, which lets you compare two or more sets of DNA results to see segment overlap
  • Surname, haplogroup and other group projects you can join

What we don’t like

  • Has a smaller database of people than sites like Ancestry (since it’s not as popular to the mass market), so you might miss some matches
  • Very broad ethnicity regions

Read our complete FamilyTreeDNA review.

Living DNA

If you have any British or Irish ancestry, you’ll definitely want to do an ancestry test with LivingDNA. Based in the UK, LivingDNA specializes in “high definition” genetic testing in the British Isles and can narrow into the exact regions of your ancestry in the British Isles.

Because of the lack of a customer database (and matches), I would also test with another company in addition to LivingDNA.

LivingDNA

What we like:

  • Divides the UK and Ireland into many more, smaller regions than other services

What we don’t like

  • No separate autosomal DNA only test, so highest overall price
  • Almost no database for matches

Read our complete LivingDNA review.

DNA testing buyer’s guide

In this guide:

Types of DNA tests

There are three main types of DNA tests used in genealogy.

Each one works a little differently, and tells you different things.

Naturally, that means that each one has its advantages and disadvantages.

Autosomal DNA tests (atDNA)

autosomal DNA inheritance chart
Autosomal DNA tests are the most popular and look at the DNA you inherited from every line in your family tree. This test provides an estimate of your ethnicity – or the regions of the world where your ancestors lived within the past few hundred years. This test also matches you with distant relatives.

Autosomal DNA (atDNA) is that DNA that does not contribute to gender; in other words, the first 22 pairs of chromosomes. It is inherited from both your maternal and paternal ancestors.

Because it does not rely on the 23rd chromosome, atDNA tests can be done in both men and women with the same results.

What is an atDNA test?

atDNA tests are by far the most popular for consumers. This is the test that gives you ethnicity estimates as well as family matches.

This test examines single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), or the different “shapes” of individual nucleotides, small chunks of DNA.

Genealogical atDNA tests examine about 700,000 SNPs to determine how closely related you are to someone else.

Remember that half our DNA comes from our father and half from our mother.

Going back in generations, that means that roughly one-fourth of our DNA comes from each of our grandparents, one-eighth from each of our great-grandparents, and so on. These percentages are never exact since DNA inheritance and recombination is completely random.

The further you go back, the less DNA you have inherited from a particular ancestor, and the harder it is to prove that you are related.

So autosomal DNA tests are only useful for about 6-8 generations.

What It Tells You

Most people who do an autosomal test do so for ethnicity estimates. Autosomal tests will give you a set of ethnicity results based on how your DNA compares to reference populations created by the testing company.

For genealogical purposes, the main use of autosomal DNA testing is to find relatives and determine how closely related you are to someone else.

This can be especially useful if you know very little about your parents or grandparents and are having a hard time locating living relatives.

Many times, relatives located by the test are researching the same family lines as you, and you can share research with them.

Every company mentioned in this guide offers autosomal DNA tests. Again, it is by far the most popular test for consumers.

Mitochondrial DNA testing (mtDNA)

mitochondrial dna inheritance
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is passed down from a mother to all her children (both male and female) and examines your direct maternal line only. Like Y-DNA, mtDNA changes very slowly over time so you can trace maternal lines back thousands of years. This test should not be confused with X-DNA analysis.

mtDNA is genetic material inside mitochondria, small components found inside every cell and which have their own separate DNA strands.

mtDNA is passed down exclusively from females. Both males and females inherit their mtDNA from their mothers, therefore anyone can take this test.

Because mtDNA does not include a combination of DNA from both parents, it does not change with every generation.

In fact, mtDNA changes extremely slowly – it might remain exactly the same for dozens of generations!

How It Works

While autosomal DNA testing looks at the 22 pairs of autosomes inside the cell nucleus, mtDNA testing looks at the DNA inside the mitochondria which exists outside the cell nucleus.

Among other things, that means the test only has to examine about 16,500 genetic base pairs, instead of the 3.2 billion base pairs found in our DNA.

The test normally looks at only specific portions of the mtDNA and compares them to established samples.

What It Tells You

mtDNA gives very precise and accurate ancestry results, but only for the maternal line.

results, but only for the maternal line.

That is, it tells you about your mother’s mother’s mother’s mother, and so on, back through time.

But it can’t tell you about any of your other ancestors, such as your mother’s father or any of your father’s ancestors.

An mtDNA test will also identify how closely related you are to a haplogroup.

A haplogroup is basically a group of people with a single common ancestor.

Historically, everyone living in the same region might belong to the same haplogroup, or very closely related ones.

This means that your haplogroup can identify where your maternal line originated.

It could also help you locate distant relatives, but some of them could be very distant (thousands of years).

In some cases, mtDNA can remain nearly identical for 50 generations or more. This makes it difficult to use mtDNA matching for genealogical purposes. A perfect match means you are related, but you might be 48th cousins!

The only company to offer individual mtDNA kits is FamilyTreeDNALiving DNA  and 23andMe bundle very basic mtDNA testing with their autosomal DNA test.

Y-DNA tests

Y-DNA inheritance
Y-DNA Tests look at the Y-chromosome (only found in males) which is passed from father to son and changes very little over time. This allows you to trace the direct line back thousands of years. Females don’t have a Y-chromosome so they cannot take this test. However, they can ask a male relative (i.e. brother, father, uncle, etc.) to take the test for them.

The 23rd human chromosome has two versions, the X and the Y.

Women have two X-chromosomes, while men have one X and one Y.

Y-DNA testing kits examine only the Y-chromosome, therefore only males can take this test. If you’re a woman who wants to test your father’s Y-DNA male line, you’ll need to test your father, uncle, brother, male cousin, etc. Basically any male on your direct paternal line. Testing the oldest generation possible is always best.

Because you can only get a Y-chromosome from your father, and he from his father, that means it tends to change very little over time.

How It Works

There are actually two sub-tests with Y-DNA testing.

The first is a short tandem repeat (STR) test. The STR test categorizes sections of the DNA according to how often a certain genetic pattern repeats.

The second is a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) test. It works the same way as in autosomal DNA testing, but it only tests about 30,000 SNPs instead of 700,000.

What It Tells You

The STR test produces a summary of your haplotype. This can be compared to someone else’s results to determine how far back your most recent common ancestor might have lived.

An STR test is often used to determine how closely two people with the same surname are related, if at all.

The SNP test is more detailed, and among other things assigns you to a haplogroup.

A haplogroup is a group of people with one common ancestor and who lived in one or more specific regions.

Both Y-chromosome tests can help you locate relatives.

But like mtDNA, because the Y-chromosome changes slowly, you might be related many generations back. Although Y-DNA tests are much more useful for genealogy than mtDNA.

And because the Y-chromosome is only passed down through males, the test can only tell you about your direct paternal line.

The only company to offer individual Y-DNA testing kits is FamilyTreeDNA, which has three options depending on how detailed a test you want.

Y-DNA testing is especially useful for adoptees. It’s also a great ancestry test if you think you have jewish ancestry.

Living DNA and 23andMe bundles very basic Y-DNA testing with their autosomal DNA tests, but provide much less detailed results than FamilyTreeDNA.

Choosing the test that’s best for you

With three tests to choose from, how do you decide which is best for you?

It all depends on what you want to know.

Autosomal DNA

For most people, the autosomal DNA test is the clear winner, and it is the one test that every testing company offers.

Because your autosomal DNA comes from all of your ancestors, this test is good for finding a range of ancestors and living relatives.

It can also provide you with reasonable estimates of the ethnicity of your ancestors, or the regions of the world where they lived.

The main drawback to autosomal DNA is that it gets so jumbled together after a few generations that it becomes unreliable the further you try to go back.

Most of the time, an autosomal DNA test is only useful for about 6-8 generations.

Autosomal DNA can provide some great leads on finding others who are researching the same family tree as you.

mtDNA

Because mtDNA comes to you only from your mother, and from her mother, it only helps you trace one line.

You can use it to prove a common ancestor with someone else, but only in a direct maternal line.

It can, however, trace that line back a very long way – sometimes 10,000 years or more.

That can provide evidence that your mother’s maternal line came from a very specific region or ethnicity.

But it is less useful when finding living relatives.

Y-DNA

The Y-DNA test is sort of like the mtDNA test, but it follows a direct paternal line instead.

That means a Y-DNA test can tell you about your father’s father’s father’s father, and many generations before that, but not about any of your other ancestors.

Y-DNA is most useful if you want to prove a connection to a certain ancestor.

Say that you have a common surname, like Smith, and want to know if you are related to someone else named Smith.

A Y-DNA can prove (or disprove) that the two of you are related.

Like the mtDNA test, Y-DNA may let you trace a line back for dozens of generations.

It can also tell you the ethnicity or region of origin of your paternal line.

One major drawback to a Y-DNA test is that only males have Y-DNA, so only males can take the test.

However, a woman can still find Y-DNA results by having a close male relative take it for her, such as her brother, father, paternal uncle, or cousin by a paternal uncle (but not her son, since he got his Y-chromosome from his paternal line, not hers).

In the same way, you can trace other paternal lines by asking an appropriate family member to take the test and share the results with you.

Ethnicity testing

All three of the DNA tests can provide you with information on where your ancestors lived.

But the information they provide varies from test to test.

  • Y-DNA and mtDNA tests will link you to very specific genetic lines, but keep in mind, they represent only a fraction of your family tree.
  • Autosomal DNA testing is what’s used for ethnicity testing of your entire family tree.

The companies that provide DNA testing divide the world up into regions in different ways. Each company has different ways of doing this.

That means that two different testing companies may give you different ethnicity estimates for the exact same DNA.

As more and more genetic data is collected, companies update their regions, too.

Some companies have had problems with their ethnicity estimates in the past. AncestryDNA, for example, used to be well-known for overestimating Scandinavian ancestry.

But the accuracy of estimates is constantly improving as more genetic data are collected, and there’s no clear indication that one company is more accurate than the others.

When a company does improve its ethnicity estimates, your profile will automatically be updated, too. You won’t have to retake the test to get the new results, but you will have to visit their site. Chances are they will not email you with the update.

Regions versus countries

It’s important to keep in mind that any DNA test will typically give a region of origin, not a country.

That’s because countries have changed many times throughout human history, and even within your lifetime!

Consider the case of Alsace-Lorraine, a 5,600 square mile region on the border of France and Germany.

Before the 17th century, the area was entirely Germanic (even though Germany as a country didn’t exist at the time).

During the 17th and 18th centuries, it was annexed by France.

In 1871, following the Franco-Prussian War, it was annexed by Germany.

Following World War I, it was returned to France.

So how can you say if your ancestors from that area were German or French using only DNA?

You can’t.

You can only say that your ancestors came from that region.

And because of all the migration and intermarrying across borders, the results you get aren’t going to be that specific, anyway.

Chances are they’ll bundle Germany and France together, and simply tell you those ancestors came from continental western Europe.

Native American ancestry

​Can DNA testing determine Native American ancestry?

Many people in the United States want to know if they have any Native American ancestry, and if so, from what tribes.

The good news is DNA testing can, in some cases, tell you if you have Native American ancestors.

Read our full guide to testing for Native American ancestry.

Which test is best for you?

It depends on your goals…

Is it worth it?

So is genealogical DNA testing right for you?

In the end, is it really worth the cost and bother?

Absolutely.

Even if genealogy is only an occasional hobby for you, these tests can provide you with some very enlightening insights into your family history.

And for the serious genealogist, it is getting to the point where they are nearly essential.

Genealogical DNA testing is finally accurate enough, inexpensive enough, and useful enough for connecting with your family. I recommend it to everyone interested in learning more about their roots.

External references & citations

About the Author

Comments (835)

  1. Dan Appel

    Mark,

    Are most people as surprised as I was by the results? I ordered a kit from My Heritage DNA and everyone in my family was shocked by the results. My paternal grandfather’s family came from Germany and the name is a German/Jewish one – at one time, apparently, the name Appel was quite common around the Heidelberg area, but before all of the Jewish persecution apparently had the suffix of baum, berg, stein, etc. None of that showed up on the result. My father’s mother’s family was as Scottish as you can get yet none of that showed up. My mother’s father came from Poland with a very Polish name (Jurczyk) yet none of that shows up; and her mother’s family all shows up on all of her geneological family material as English. This is what I ended up with:

    Europe
    98.7%
    North and West Europe
    98.7%
    North and West European
    94.9%
    Finnish
    3.8%
    Africa
    1.3%
    West Africa
    1.3%
    Nigerian
    1.3%
    Dan Appel
    100.0%

    My sons, who are both physicians say I got taken and that this can’t be correct. In order to try to figure this out, I have ordered both 23andMe and Ancestry kits (sent the 23andMe kit off today). If they come back the same as My Heritage I guess we will have to live with the results but they are so far removed from all family history (especially the Finnish and Nigerian (I don’t care about the African blood, am just confused by it) that my family and I are doubting the results. Are we wrong? Or are we missing something? Also, if the answers come back different from the other two tests, which of the three do we trust, or do we somehow try to trust all of them.

    Thanks in advance for your help,

    Dan

    • Marc McDermott

      Hey Dan. It sounds like a case where the algorithm wasn’t confident enough to predict those more specific regions. I’m curious to know what the other companies say since they all use different algos. Keep us updated.

  2. Kay

    Hello Mark,

    Wonderful article! Actually helped me make my decision to use Family Tree DNA for my dad. Wondering if you might have some insight. My dad was contacted by a woman who believes my dad is her father due to ancestry dna results saying my dad’s uncle is her great uncle. To confirm my dad had her upload her raw data to Family Tree to compare. FTDNA says she is my dad’s 3rd to 5th cousin with a Shared Centimorgans(cM): 100 And Longest Block(cM): 15. Do you have any insight into these results and accuracy.

    Thank you!

    • Marc McDermott

      I can’t say for sure, but only having 100 shared CM is way too low for a father daughter relationship. Typically a parent/child will share over 3,000 CM. I share 3500 CM with my dad. Ancestry also reports on shared CM. Click on any DNA match, then where it lists ‘Confidence’ at the top, click on the little information icon and it will tell you the amount of shared CM. Hope this helps!

  3. Angela

    I was the first in my family to take a DNA test and I used 23 and me with the health option.
    I am purchasing a test for my mother, as a gift. She is terminal and I feel it would be a nice legacy for her to leave this information.
    My question: is there any benefit for her to use the same or a different company? I don’t believe that she needs the health portion, because of her age (79) and condition.
    One thing I noticed with my test was that I had only DNA matches with individuals residing in the US and Canada. Was thinking that since I am mostly European, it might benefit to try ancestery.com, due to the number of users and potential contacts in Europe.

    Any thoughts and insights are greatly appreciated!

    • Marc McDermott

      Hi Angela. The biggest benefit for her to use a different company would be to get more matches. If European matches is what you’re after, I’d take a look at MyHeritage. I believe that have the biggest customer database for European matches.

  4. Todd

    I am looking just to find out where my relatives came from and looking for the most accurate one for that. I am not looking to find out about relatives just what countries I most likely came from which test would be best for that ?

    Thank You

    • Marc McDermott

      Hey Todd. Any of the autosomal tests will do.

  5. steve

    Thanks Mark,
    Very informative article. I’m a high school genetics teacher and would love to find a way to incorporate this technology into the curriculum for interested students at the beginning of each semester. Do you believe that this would be worthwhile and doable? If so, which of the sites would you recommend for this purpose and have you heard of them giving a group rate before? If there was a lot of interest, this could get really expensive really quickly.

    • Marc McDermott

      Hey Steve. Great idea! I’m sure you could work out a group rate if you contacted any of the companies on this page.

  6. Kirsten

    I love your article. I want your opinion. I want to know both my maternal and paternal geanology. I do not have any siblings that share the same Mom and Dad (all half or step) as me. I would love to know health information as well but I want a good priced, accurate, geanology screening for both my Maternal and Paternal sides. What do you recommend? Thank you!!

    • Marc McDermott

      Hi Kristen. Your only option is the Health + Ancestry test at 23andMe.

  7. Solveig Smith

    Thanks for an incredible helpful article and for for answers u give!
    So here’s my story.
    I’m from Finland and would like to find out my roots on my mothers side!
    My maternal grandmother had 4 daughters ,all by a different man!
    Times were different back then , specially if u were employed at a big house as a maid!
    My mother was born 1904 and the oldest of the siblings.
    So which of the sites would be most helpful to me!
    Thanking u in advance !
    Solveig

    • Marc McDermott

      Hi Solveig. What information are you trying to find out on your maternal side?

  8. Niclas

    Thank you for the great article! My father has been studying our family history for several decades, and now he and I are planning to do DNA tests to see what surprises that can give us. What tests would give us the most information as father and son? If he takes the Y-DNA test, and I take the mtDNA test we get my maternal line and his (and my) paternal line. There would be no use for both of us to take Y-DNA tests, since we (probably;) would get the same result. Another option would of course be that I take the Y-DNA test and he the mtDNA, to find out more about his relatives, but that would give a bit less information about my past. Is there any other combinations to consider here?

    Thank you!

    • Marc McDermott

      Hi Niclas. I think you have a good grasp here. If I were you, I’d take the YDNA and mtDNA tests, and have your dad take the mtDNA. Either way is fine though.

  9. Tara

    Thank you for sharing all this info!
    My mum was adopted and is thought to be Irish from adoption knowledge.
    I have recently found my family tree (paternal side) through geni.com as my father’s family were from Prague (Bohemia, Austro-Hungarian Empire) and the names and dates go back to 1795 (I will try to find out more and go back further through paper trail) The only reason they are on there is because researchers put all this together due to them being Holocaust victims (which I didn’t know!) I had no idea he was Jewish! Always thought they were just Austrian Czech. So me being FEMALE, I would like to know more but there are no male relatives (paternal side) as he only had daughters! He was a lot older, so my grandfather was from 1861. Will I get info about them being Ashkenazi Jews from my DNA autosomal test?

    Thank you
    Tara

    • Marc McDermott

      Hi Tara. Yes autosomal test will be fine for you. I’d use either FTDNA or MyHeritage.

  10. Nari

    I took the My Heritage DNA test and it showed that I got 89.7 % from the Indian region. This covers India, Nepal and the Afghanistan region. What disappointed me was why it couldn’t be more specific in homing in one region out of those 3. I mean you can’t get any more different than Afghanistan to Nepal! My results also shown I had some European DNA which was specific in telling me that 7.7 % was from the Irish/Scottish region and 1.3 Scandinavian.
    So it was a shame that it couldn’t get more specific for the Indian part of the dna.
    If there are any other Northern Indian people who have taken this test please do tell as it would be interesting to see if got more specific info on that region.

    • Marc McDermott

      Hi Nari. DNA companies are always trying to improve with bigger/better sample populations and more precise algos. As they get better, they update your reports. So be sure to check out your reports again in the future.

  11. Ron

    Thanks Mark, great article.

    Seeing as Ancestry has by far the largest database, does it make sense to order the Autosomal Test from them and then upload the results to FamilyTree? It would only cost a little more than ordering directly from FamilyTree and I would get the benefits of both databases plus the option of FamilyTree’s Y-DNA and mtDNA tests.

    • Marc McDermott

      Makes sense but I dont think you can order the additional tests with a transfer. Has to do with the testing chip they use in the lab.

  12. john

    hi, we have limited information on our ancestry previous to the second world war. which test gives the most comprehensive and specific results for tracing our possibly russian/ukranian family tree? cheers john

    • Marc McDermott

      Hi John. I’d say Ancestry.com since they have the largest database of matches who you can connect with.

  13. Mario Ramirez

    Hi, Im adopted and I am looking for my father. I don’t know his name or anything about him.Would the YDNA test help if I don’t know his name or anything?
    And what will the results show me? Do the results show other males that I could be possibly related to and could reach out to and ask if they may know who my father is ?

    Thank you !

    • Marc McDermott

      Hi Mario. The YDNA will be very helpful to determine your birth father’s surname. I’d also test with Ancestry to find your close matches with the surname you found in the YDNA test. Then you can start to piece together who your father was.

  14. Marcelle

    Hi Mark,

    I have just read your article and was really pleased with it. I have a problem now. My father passed away several years ago and I want to know his background. This is the problem, he was adopted, he did find some of his relatives, however, none of them are now living and none of his kids are boys, he had 3 girls. What can I do to find out where he was from. He always told us girls that his relatives stole their way to America on a ship to out run the police in France for horse stealing. He was always joking so we don’t know whether it was true or not.

    We would just like to know which DNA test(S) and which company you think I should use to try and find anything out.

    Thank you

    • Marc McDermott

      Hi Marcelle. Just so I understand, there are no living descendants of his birth father?

  15. Ellen Kinnear

    Hi Mark,
    Second reading of your article before I decide on the test.
    I am interested in confirming my biological father. My father’s brother, my Uncle is still living and is 96.

    Which test would you recommend?
    Thanks,Ellen

    • Marc McDermott

      Hi Ellen. I need more info. Do you have a brother or male cousins on your father’s line?

  16. Ellen

    Thank you for the in depth review.
    I have been trying to determine which test might be the best for me.
    This article really helped.

  17. Liz

    Thanks for the summary- very helpful:-) Question- if I have 2 sons and 1 takes the mtDNA and 1 takes the YDNA test, then they can both use the info from bth tests, correct? Thanks

    • Marc McDermott

      Yes. But I think you’re better off just testing 1 of them so you can bundle pricing to save a few bucks. Results should be the same.

  18. Deena

    Hello Mark. Thank you for your write up. My father and I are considering DNA testing to find out if we may have a Jewish heritage. He thinks we may be descendants from German Jews on his father’s side. Which test would you recommend each of us take? I was leaning towards the YDNA for him and maybe Ancestry or My Heritage for me. Your thoughts? Thank you for your help.

    • Marc McDermott

      That sounds like a good plan Deena.

  19. Susan Benda

    My great grandfather worked on our family pedigree and i have a copy of s well researched tree. It extends to my 10th paternal grandfather for our English family’s name. On one of the maternal lines, it goes to the Alsace region and they were French Huguenots. My maternal side was Irish with only 3 generations documented. I am wondering if any of the researchers would actually want my DNA to further their research and data base?
    Susan Bryan

    • Marc McDermott

      Hi Susan. They might. Try contacting them.

  20. Jim

    Thanks you. Great article.

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