Genealogy / Best DNA Test Kits

Best DNA Test Kits

How to Choose the DNA Testing Kit That’s Best for You
Marc McDermott

If you’ve read all the DNA test reviews, and are still confused, read on. What is the best DNA test? This guide will break down everything you need to know. But first, here’s a quick comparison of the best DNA testing kits:

Comparison of important features

AncestryDNA MyHeritage FamilyTree DNA 23andMe LivingDNA
Website Ancestry.com MyHeritage.com FamilyTreeDNA.com 23andMe.com LivingDNA.com
Best for Genealogy, matches, ethnicity regions Global matches, tools for advanced genetic genealogy Distant ancestry, YDNA, mtDNA Genetic health testing British Isles ancestry
Price See latest price
See latest price
See latest price
See latest price
See latest price
Ethnicity results Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Ethnic Regions 500+ 42 24 1,000+ 80 (in depth for UK)
Family Matching Yes Yes Yes Yes Limited
Database Size 15 million 3.8 million 1 million 10 million None
Y-DNA Test No No Yes Broad haplogroup, no matching Broad haplogroup, no matching
mtDNA Test No No Yes Broad haplogroup, no matching Broad haplogroup, no matching
Collection Method Saliva Cheek swab Cheek swab Saliva Cheek swab
Chromosome Browser No Yes Yes Yes No
Raw Data Upload No Yes Yes No Yes
Health Info No For extra fee No For extra fee No

Best DNA testing kits reviewed

AncestryDNA

The best testing kit for genealogy, AncestryDNA has the most extensive database (15 million customers) so you’ll find the most DNA matches there.

Ancestry DNA test kit

What we like:

  • Database of over 15 million customers for matching
  • Strong genealogical community
  • Connect with matches through anonymous email and message boards
  • Link your DNA results to your online family tree
  • No subscription required

What we don’t like

  • Viewing family trees of your matches requires a subscription
  • Does not allow raw data uploads from other sites

Read our complete AncestryDNA review.

Note that you do not have to have an Ancestry subscription in order to take their test or see your results. You also do not need a subscription to build your own family tree.

A subscription allows you to view genealogical records, view the family tree’s of your matches, and compare your tree with your match to find common ancestors.

There are of course many other features on the research side of your genealogy. Get a 14-day free trial here.

MyHeritage DNA

The best DNA testing kit if you’re looking for matches outside the United States, MyHeritage has the largest database of international customers. They also offer some pretty neat tools such as auto clustering and a chromosome browser.

MyHeritage test kit

What we like:

  • Largest database of international customers to be matched with
  • Link your DNA results to your online family tree
  • Allows free upload of raw data from other sites
  • Covers 42 ethnic regions

What we don’t like

  • Relatively small (but rapidly growing) database compared to other sites. Currently 3.8 million

Read our complete MyHeritageDNA review.

23andMe

23andMe is the best test kit for dedicated genetic testing for health. Since most people who test there aren’t as interested in family history or communicating with DNA matches as compared to sites like Ancestry, 23andMe would probably not be my first choice for genealogy.

23 and me DNA test kit

What we like:

  • The best company for health and wellness reports
  • Has a large database of more than 10 million customers
  • Includes a chromosome browser for comparing results

What we don’t like

  • Very limited genealogical community compared to other sites
  • No Y-DNA or mtDNA matching
  • Does not allow upload of raw data from other sites

Read our complete 23andMe review.

You may also be interested in our complete comparison of 23andMe vs Ancestry.

FamilyTreeDNA

The best for distant ancestry (beyond 6-8 generations), and paternity testing. One major perk is, even if you do get your testing done by a different company, FamilyTreeDNA lets you upload your raw data into their system as well.

FamilyTreeDNA

What we like:

  • Only company to offer all three tests separately
  • Only company to offer Y-DNA and mtDNA matching
  • Cheek swab DNA collection (much easier for babies and elderly)
  • Allows free upload of raw data from tests run for other sites
  • Has a chromosome browser, which lets you compare two or more sets of DNA results to see segment overlap
  • Surname, haplogroup and other group projects you can join

What we don’t like

  • Has a smaller database of people than sites like Ancestry (since it’s not as popular to the mass market), so you might miss some matches
  • Very broad ethnicity regions

Read our complete FamilyTreeDNA review.

Living DNA

If you have any British or Irish ancestry, you’ll definitely want to do an ancestry test with LivingDNA. Based in the UK, LivingDNA specializes in “high definition” genetic testing in the British Isles and can narrow into the exact regions of your ancestry in the British Isles.

Because of the lack of a customer database (and matches), I would also test with another company in addition to LivingDNA.

LivingDNA

What we like:

  • Divides the UK and Ireland into many more, smaller regions than other services

What we don’t like

  • No separate autosomal DNA only test, so highest overall price
  • Almost no database for matches

Read our complete LivingDNA review.

DNA testing buyer’s guide

In this guide:

Types of DNA tests

There are three main types of DNA tests used in genealogy.

Each one works a little differently, and tells you different things.

Naturally, that means that each one has its advantages and disadvantages.

Autosomal DNA tests (atDNA)

autosomal DNA inheritance chart
Autosomal DNA tests are the most popular and look at the DNA you inherited from every line in your family tree. This test provides an estimate of your ethnicity – or the regions of the world where your ancestors lived within the past few hundred years. This test also matches you with distant relatives.

Autosomal DNA (atDNA) is that DNA that does not contribute to gender; in other words, the first 22 pairs of chromosomes. It is inherited from both your maternal and paternal ancestors.

Because it does not rely on the 23rd chromosome, atDNA tests can be done in both men and women with the same results.

What is an atDNA test?

atDNA tests are by far the most popular for consumers. This is the test that gives you ethnicity estimates as well as family matches.

This test examines single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), or the different “shapes” of individual nucleotides, small chunks of DNA.

Genealogical atDNA tests examine about 700,000 SNPs to determine how closely related you are to someone else.

Remember that half our DNA comes from our father and half from our mother.

Going back in generations, that means that roughly one-fourth of our DNA comes from each of our grandparents, one-eighth from each of our great-grandparents, and so on. These percentages are never exact since DNA inheritance and recombination is completely random.

The further you go back, the less DNA you have inherited from a particular ancestor, and the harder it is to prove that you are related.

So autosomal DNA tests are only useful for about 6-8 generations.

What It Tells You

Most people who do an autosomal test do so for ethnicity estimates. Autosomal tests will give you a set of ethnicity results based on how your DNA compares to reference populations created by the testing company.

For genealogical purposes, the main use of autosomal DNA testing is to find relatives and determine how closely related you are to someone else.

This can be especially useful if you know very little about your parents or grandparents and are having a hard time locating living relatives.

Many times, relatives located by the test are researching the same family lines as you, and you can share research with them.

Every company mentioned in this guide offers autosomal DNA tests. Again, it is by far the most popular test for consumers.

Mitochondrial DNA testing (mtDNA)

mitochondrial dna inheritance
Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is passed down from a mother to all her children (both male and female) and examines your direct maternal line only. Like Y-DNA, mtDNA changes very slowly over time so you can trace maternal lines back thousands of years. This test should not be confused with X-DNA analysis.

mtDNA is genetic material inside mitochondria, small components found inside every cell and which have their own separate DNA strands.

mtDNA is passed down exclusively from females. Both males and females inherit their mtDNA from their mothers, therefore anyone can take this test.

Because mtDNA does not include a combination of DNA from both parents, it does not change with every generation.

In fact, mtDNA changes extremely slowly – it might remain exactly the same for dozens of generations!

How It Works

While autosomal DNA testing looks at the 22 pairs of autosomes inside the cell nucleus, mtDNA testing looks at the DNA inside the mitochondria which exists outside the cell nucleus.

Among other things, that means the test only has to examine about 16,500 genetic base pairs, instead of the 3.2 billion base pairs found in our DNA.

The test normally looks at only specific portions of the mtDNA and compares them to established samples.

What It Tells You

mtDNA gives very precise and accurate ancestry results, but only for the maternal line.

results, but only for the maternal line.

That is, it tells you about your mother’s mother’s mother’s mother, and so on, back through time.

But it can’t tell you about any of your other ancestors, such as your mother’s father or any of your father’s ancestors.

An mtDNA test will also identify how closely related you are to a haplogroup.

A haplogroup is basically a group of people with a single common ancestor.

Historically, everyone living in the same region might belong to the same haplogroup, or very closely related ones.

This means that your haplogroup can identify where your maternal line originated.

It could also help you locate distant relatives, but some of them could be very distant (thousands of years).

In some cases, mtDNA can remain nearly identical for 50 generations or more. This makes it difficult to use mtDNA matching for genealogical purposes. A perfect match means you are related, but you might be 48th cousins!

The only company to offer individual mtDNA kits is FamilyTreeDNALiving DNA  and 23andMe bundle very basic mtDNA testing with their autosomal DNA test.

Y-DNA tests

Y-DNA inheritance
Y-DNA Tests look at the Y-chromosome (only found in males) which is passed from father to son and changes very little over time. This allows you to trace the direct line back thousands of years. Females don’t have a Y-chromosome so they cannot take this test. However, they can ask a male relative (i.e. brother, father, uncle, etc.) to take the test for them.

The 23rd human chromosome has two versions, the X and the Y.

Women have two X-chromosomes, while men have one X and one Y.

Y-DNA testing kits examine only the Y-chromosome, therefore only males can take this test. If you’re a woman who wants to test your father’s Y-DNA male line, you’ll need to test your father, uncle, brother, male cousin, etc. Basically any male on your direct paternal line. Testing the oldest generation possible is always best.

Because you can only get a Y-chromosome from your father, and he from his father, that means it tends to change very little over time.

How It Works

There are actually two sub-tests with Y-DNA testing.

The first is a short tandem repeat (STR) test. The STR test categorizes sections of the DNA according to how often a certain genetic pattern repeats.

The second is a single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) test. It works the same way as in autosomal DNA testing, but it only tests about 30,000 SNPs instead of 700,000.

What It Tells You

The STR test produces a summary of your haplotype. This can be compared to someone else’s results to determine how far back your most recent common ancestor might have lived.

An STR test is often used to determine how closely two people with the same surname are related, if at all.

The SNP test is more detailed, and among other things assigns you to a haplogroup.

A haplogroup is a group of people with one common ancestor and who lived in one or more specific regions.

Both Y-chromosome tests can help you locate relatives.

But like mtDNA, because the Y-chromosome changes slowly, you might be related many generations back. Although Y-DNA tests are much more useful for genealogy than mtDNA.

And because the Y-chromosome is only passed down through males, the test can only tell you about your direct paternal line.

The only company to offer individual Y-DNA testing kits is FamilyTreeDNA, which has three options depending on how detailed a test you want.

Y-DNA testing is especially useful for adoptees. It’s also a great ancestry test if you think you have jewish ancestry.

Living DNA and 23andMe bundles very basic Y-DNA testing with their autosomal DNA tests, but provide much less detailed results than FamilyTreeDNA.

Choosing the test that’s best for you

With three tests to choose from, how do you decide which is best for you?

It all depends on what you want to know.

Autosomal DNA

For most people, the autosomal DNA test is the clear winner, and it is the one test that every testing company offers.

Because your autosomal DNA comes from all of your ancestors, this test is good for finding a range of ancestors and living relatives.

It can also provide you with reasonable estimates of the ethnicity of your ancestors, or the regions of the world where they lived.

The main drawback to autosomal DNA is that it gets so jumbled together after a few generations that it becomes unreliable the further you try to go back.

Most of the time, an autosomal DNA test is only useful for about 6-8 generations.

Autosomal DNA can provide some great leads on finding others who are researching the same family tree as you.

mtDNA

Because mtDNA comes to you only from your mother, and from her mother, it only helps you trace one line.

You can use it to prove a common ancestor with someone else, but only in a direct maternal line.

It can, however, trace that line back a very long way – sometimes 10,000 years or more.

That can provide evidence that your mother’s maternal line came from a very specific region or ethnicity.

But it is less useful when finding living relatives.

Y-DNA

The Y-DNA test is sort of like the mtDNA test, but it follows a direct paternal line instead.

That means a Y-DNA test can tell you about your father’s father’s father’s father, and many generations before that, but not about any of your other ancestors.

Y-DNA is most useful if you want to prove a connection to a certain ancestor.

Say that you have a common surname, like Smith, and want to know if you are related to someone else named Smith.

A Y-DNA can prove (or disprove) that the two of you are related.

Like the mtDNA test, Y-DNA may let you trace a line back for dozens of generations.

It can also tell you the ethnicity or region of origin of your paternal line.

One major drawback to a Y-DNA test is that only males have Y-DNA, so only males can take the test.

However, a woman can still find Y-DNA results by having a close male relative take it for her, such as her brother, father, paternal uncle, or cousin by a paternal uncle (but not her son, since he got his Y-chromosome from his paternal line, not hers).

In the same way, you can trace other paternal lines by asking an appropriate family member to take the test and share the results with you.

Ethnicity testing

All three of the DNA tests can provide you with information on where your ancestors lived.

But the information they provide varies from test to test.

  • Y-DNA and mtDNA tests will link you to very specific genetic lines, but keep in mind, they represent only a fraction of your family tree.
  • Autosomal DNA testing is what’s used for ethnicity testing of your entire family tree.

The companies that provide DNA testing divide the world up into regions in different ways. Each company has different ways of doing this.

That means that two different testing companies may give you different ethnicity estimates for the exact same DNA.

As more and more genetic data is collected, companies update their regions, too.

Some companies have had problems with their ethnicity estimates in the past. AncestryDNA, for example, used to be well-known for overestimating Scandinavian ancestry.

But the accuracy of estimates is constantly improving as more genetic data are collected, and there’s no clear indication that one company is more accurate than the others.

When a company does improve its ethnicity estimates, your profile will automatically be updated, too. You won’t have to retake the test to get the new results, but you will have to visit their site. Chances are they will not email you with the update.

Regions versus countries

It’s important to keep in mind that any DNA test will typically give a region of origin, not a country.

That’s because countries have changed many times throughout human history, and even within your lifetime!

Consider the case of Alsace-Lorraine, a 5,600 square mile region on the border of France and Germany.

Before the 17th century, the area was entirely Germanic (even though Germany as a country didn’t exist at the time).

During the 17th and 18th centuries, it was annexed by France.

In 1871, following the Franco-Prussian War, it was annexed by Germany.

Following World War I, it was returned to France.

So how can you say if your ancestors from that area were German or French using only DNA?

You can’t.

You can only say that your ancestors came from that region.

And because of all the migration and intermarrying across borders, the results you get aren’t going to be that specific, anyway.

Chances are they’ll bundle Germany and France together, and simply tell you those ancestors came from continental western Europe.

Native American ancestry

​Can DNA testing determine Native American ancestry?

Many people in the United States want to know if they have any Native American ancestry, and if so, from what tribes.

The good news is DNA testing can, in some cases, tell you if you have Native American ancestors.

Read our full guide to testing for Native American ancestry.

Which test is best for you?

It depends on your goals…

Is it worth it?

So is genealogical DNA testing right for you?

In the end, is it really worth the cost and bother?

Absolutely.

Even if genealogy is only an occasional hobby for you, these tests can provide you with some very enlightening insights into your family history.

And for the serious genealogist, it is getting to the point where they are nearly essential.

Genealogical DNA testing is finally accurate enough, inexpensive enough, and useful enough for connecting with your family. I recommend it to everyone interested in learning more about their roots.

External references & citations

About the Author

Comments (835)

  1. Jane

    Thank you for this comprehensive explanation

    • Marc McDermott

      Thanks Jane, glad I could help!

  2. Randy S. Scott

    As an afro-amercian,this article gives me an unbiased view on DNA testing and the pros and cons.

    • Marc McDermott

      Thanks Randy, glad I could help!

  3. Danette

    Hello Mark,
    I am Hispanic/Caribbean… which means I supposedly have Native American (specifically Taino Indian), African, and Spanish (European). 3 completely different places in the world. I am also a female and I’m having a hard time figuring out which DNA test to choose from. I’d like it to be as specific as possible because I want to know what percentage I am of each and I’m sure there will be other places my DNA comes from. I’m most interested in Nat Geo or Family Tree but Family Tree options are confusing as to which I should get. Which DNA test do you think fits what I’m looking for?

  4. Claude

    Hello Mark, great article xtrmely helpful. Got tested by MyHeritage and results were quite a surprise. Always believed I was a mix of Swiss, French and bit of north Italian… well with 41%english 21%irish 22%french 8%Italian etc. I do not know how I can come to this result since my family on mother and father side never left Switzerland. So I want to dig a little deeper with another test. Should it be Ancestry or LivingDNA.. ?? Thank you Mark

    • Marc McDermott

      Hi Claude. Give FamilyTreeDNA a try.

  5. Paul L Doré

    One last comment that I forgot. Why is HomeDNA not in the your list ?

    I had never heard of them before this week. GenealogyBank had a special offer going that allowed me to upload my Ancestry Raw Data to them for 29 $ US.

    I called them 3 times for assistance and info and the reponse wait time each time was less than a minute, helpful and courteous.

    Their analysis is really interesting, and well presented. Unfortunately they were not taking MyHeritage DNA Raw Data so my wife’s second analysis couldn’t be processed.

    • Marc McDermott

      Hey Paul. I’m not really familiar with HomeDNA so I can’t recommend them at this time.

  6. Rose

    Hi Mark,

    Thank you for the excellent breakdown of info and companies. Very helpful! And thank you for using correct terminology (data are). 🙂

    I am interested in my ethnology and am looking for the autosomal DNA test with the finest scale regional breakdown that would apply to me. My father was 1st generation American of Lithuanian Jewish descent whose family made it out of Lithuania between WWI and WWII. We know less about my mother’s genealogy, who is also 1st generation American. Her father was French Canadian and was told he was also of Native American descent, and her mother was of Finnish and Swedish descent. I see that MyHeritageDNA has 42 regions, LivingDNA has 80 regions, but 21 are of the British Isles, from whence I am not descended, and Nat. Geo has 60 regions. I am interested in getting the most detail I can. I understanding I will not be able to determine Native American Tribe, but would like the most info about that available. Which of these test do you think will be my best choice? As a scientist, I am tempted to go with Nat. Geo for the added benefit of contributing to science.

    Thanks so much for your time and insight.

    • Marc McDermott

      Hi Rose. Nat GEO and MyHeritage will give you the most amount of detail.

  7. Xoli

    Hi Mark, my name is Xoli from Africa. I like your article so much that I’m considering to get an autosomal DNA test. Thanks for such an informative article, keep up the good work!!!

    • Marc McDermott

      Good luck, Xoli!

  8. Olivia

    Hey Mark,

    Thanks so much for your detailed article!! I was thinking about having my mother and father both take a DNA test. Would it still be beneficial for me to take the test? Or perhaps have my father take it and me and by process of elimination I’ll know what traits are from my mother?

    Last Q – we are 100% Polish (or so my parents claim). Do you now if any of the tests will get down to that detail or simply state “Eastern European”? Would love to hear your recommendation! I’m mainly looking for detailed ethnicity background info. Thank you so so much!!

    • Marc McDermott

      Hi Olivia. I think you should also take the test since you’ll all get different results. None of the tests will get that detailed, so you’d have to use the trees of your matches to determine just how polish you are 🙂

  9. CW

    I love your info, Mark, so maybe you can answer a question I have not been able to find the answer to. One of my brothers is very dark like my mother (eyes, hair and skin), but my other brother is very fair like my father (freckles and very light blue eyes). Will they show different results, assuming of course they are related.

    • Marc McDermott

      Hi CW. Their results should be very similar, but not identical. Only identical twins share the same DNA. Hope this helps!

  10. Linda Goodnight

    Hi Mark,

    Thank you for this very comprehensive, clear breakdown. It’s the best I’ve found by far! One question I hope you can help with: I have daughters adopted from Ukraine who would love to find/connect with bio family. We’ve been able to find no one through regular means. Do the DNA sites you mention include only American DNA matches? Or do any of them include international data-bases? Thank you!

    • Marc McDermott

      Hi Linda. I would test with FamilyTreeDNA for international matches.

  11. Micheline Lee

    Hi Mark, I’m new at this & recently obtained a DNA kit for myself & one of my sons through MyHeritage (not sure the type of testing), haven’t received the results yet. So grateful I found you, I had no idea of the different tests, Thanks for education. So now I’m confused & hope you can guide me in the right direction. I purchased 2 kits for my daughter-in-laws, so do I need to tests my other son & all my grandsons, or just The one son, since their both from same father? Also, my mother was born in Paris, France, came to USA after WWll, & she never spoke of her past; we know nothing of her family, except she was an only child. She married my Father, who has passed away along with his two brothers, and my brother is the only male alive on my fathers side, so should he get the YDNA test done since he’s the last male? I really want to know the heritage of both of my parents, & not sure how to start. I’m unable to tell my sons & grandsons anything about my family heritage and I hope you can get me started in the right direction, as I would also hope to locate a family member one day as I venture into my new hobby & passion. Thank you so much for educating me about genealogy. Micheline Lee

    • Marc McDermott

      Hi Micheline. MyHeritage currently only offers autosomal tests, so you ordered the right thing. I think your best bet is to start with just the autosomal tests, then maybe add the YDNA and mtDNA to further your research in the future. Remember that those tests only look at the origins of your direct paternal and maternal lines. The autosomal tests look at every line in your family. Re: autosomal testing of siblings with the same parents – while their results should (theoretically) be similar, they won’t be. Unless they are identical twins, the siblings would have inherited different levels of DNA through their parents. The more people you test, the more matches and connections you can make on your family tree. Hope this helps!

      • Micheline Lee

        Hi Mark
        Thanks for your response regarding testing both of my sons (both have same parents) with the autosomal DNA tests! As mentioned in my previous question to you; I’ve already tested one son through My Hertiage DNA. So, should I use a different company when testing my other son, or just use the extra autosomal DNA kit I have from Heritage or would it really make that much of a difference? Again thanks for your advice appreciate your help with this question!
        Sincerely
        Micheline Lee

        • Marc McDermott

          Hi Micheline. I would use the MyHeritage kit you already have. Once you have the results, you can always upload the raw data to FamilyTreeDNA to find more matches.

  12. Felicia

    Thanks Mark. I wanted to find my roots. I was interested in DNA testing but that knowledge was confusing. Thank you for breaking all the essential information down (price, comparisons, pros/cons). It is now less stressful since I’ve read what you’ve researched. Now I feel confident in my decision and won’t have to spend hours navigating through other sites. Thanks again!

    • Marc McDermott

      Thanks Felicia!

  13. Joff elliott

    Mark,

    I am an Australian and want to know if I have Scandinavian antecedents from many generations ago. Would an autosomal test be the way to go?
    Believe the Scandinavian connection is through my mothers side of the family.
    Thank you so much for this detailed and concise article
    Which company’ would u recommend and which test would be suitable?
    Many thanks
    Jonathan

    • Marc McDermott

      Hey Jonathan. If it’s only one line of ancestors and more than 5-6 generations ago, an autosomal test might not be the best option. If you think the roots are from your mother’s mother’s mother’s (etc) line, then an mtDNA test from FamilyTreeDNA is what you want. Or if you think they’re from your mother’s father’s father’s (etc) line, then a YDNA test from one of your male cousins is needed.

  14. AJ

    Hi Mark,

    Great article. I was looking for an in-depth report that is as specific as possible for determining ethnicity. I don’t care about finding living relatives or connections. As far as I know, my ancestors are all from the middle eastern or indus valley region. Will I be able to get more specific, and which test do you recommend?

    Thanks!

    • Marc McDermott

      Hi AJ. I would go with either FamilyTreeDNA or MyHeritage.

  15. Yanneka

    Thanks so much, Mark, for your excellent, thorough, and clear article!
    I still have two questions:
    1) I learned that it is illegal in France and Germany to do DNA testing, unless ordered by the law courts. I am wondering how this affects DNA data base for those regions, and if there is a DNA testing company which may have more of a data base for those areas. My mother is from France, with generations on all sides of her known family living for centuries (at least based on paper and in cimeteries) as far back as 1400 in the Alps. I’ve received ethnicity percentage results from MyHeritage, which seemed plausible on my father’s side, but not at all on my mother’s. Would you recommend I test with a particular DNA company. I saw that MyHeritage and Ancestry.com do not test in those regions…possibly because it is illegal, or…?
    2) I would love to research my father’s Y-DNA line, but my father is no longer alive, I have no brother, and I know of no cousin. If I manage to find a very distant cousin from my father’s earlier ancestor, would it be helpful at all?
    Thank you so much,
    Yanneka

    • Marc McDermott

      Hi Yanneka. Let me try to answer your questions. #1 I’m not sure I understand what you’re asking. The companies with the largest databases are ancestry.com and FTDNA. No company is going to be able to test for specific countries – only regions such as Western Europe. #2. Yes any male relative on your father’s paternal line can take a YDNA test for you. Hope this helps!

  16. Veronica Cameron

    This was a thorough read! Thanks so much. You’ve helped me make my decision.

  17. Emma

    Hey, Mark! Lots of information here but I do still have a question haha. Which one would you recommend for a Polynesian/Māori background? I remember reading somewhere that Ancestry doesn’t break down Polynesia and I’m not entirely sure which regions are included in every other site. I know my test will probably come back predominantly European due to my fathers side of the family being from Wales (him and his parents are from Wales but I’m not sure of anyone beyond them) but my mother would also like to do a DNA test and her side of the family is predominantly Polynesian with a British person every now and then.

    Thank you!

    • Marc McDermott

      Hi Emma. If you and your mother are mostly interested in your maternal line, then I would do an mtDNA test with FamilyTreeDNA. You can also bundle it with the standard autosomal test which will test every line including the Polynesian. But the mtDNA test should show the origin of your maternal line. Hope this helps!

  18. Dave

    Mark, damn dude this site is awesome. I will definitely order one through your site. I wish all product review sites were like this one!

    • Marc McDermott

      Thanks Dave!

    • Marc McDermott

      Thanks Nancy!

  19. James

    Hi Mark, thanks for gathering all of this useful information! I have a couple of questions. My mother came from England and my father’s parents were from Sicily, so I know my basic roots. If I’m interested in knowing more details about where my ancestors came from which test would be most useful? Also, if my wife and I both get tested, would there be any reason for my sons to do so?

    • Marc McDermott

      Hey James. I would get a standard autosomal test for the whole family from either FamilyTreeDNA or Ancestry for the cousin matching aspect. Those two companies have the largest databases since they’re the most popular. You can then see everyone you’re related to, and view their family trees in order to get a better idea of your roots. Hope this makes sense!

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